California

A visit of San Francisco and other cities of the Bay area: Oakland, Berkeley, Palo Alto and San José, as well as cities in the South: Los Angeles and San Diego.

Parenté : Amérique United States


San Francisco

The city of San Francisco is famous worldwide and often symbolized by the Golden Gate Bridge. Founded in 1776, it is in 2013 the fourth biggest metropole in the USA, with an agglomeration (the Bay Area) of about 7 million inhabitants. Since the second half of the 20th century, its reputation has increased due to the companies implanted in the Silicon Valley which are specialized in the computer science technologies and because of its universities such as Stanford and the University of California at Berkeley.

The history of the city has been marked by the presence of the prison of Alcatraz in the bay and by several earthquakes among which the one of 1906 caused a giant fire that destroyed most of the city.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 71 Kio] San Francisco - General view from the bay. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 67 Kio] San Francisco - General view from the bay. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 47 Kio] San Francisco - General view from the bay. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 65 Kio] San Francisco - General view from the bay. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 73 Kio] San Francisco - General view from Twin Peaks. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] San Francisco - General view from Twin Peaks. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - General view from Twin Peaks. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 111 Kio] San Francisco - General view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 88 Kio] San Francisco - General view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 106 Kio] San Francisco - General view.

Among the most famous places of the city are the Painted Ladies (a group of houses) and Lombard street. San Francisco is famous for its inclined streets and its cable cars.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 91 Kio] San Francisco - The painted ladies. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 158 Kio] San Francisco - Lombard street. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 116 Kio] San Francisco - Inclinated steet. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 114 Kio] San Francisco - Street. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 107 Kio] San Francisco - Street.

The transports

The airport

It was created in 1927, but the civil flights only began during the Second World War. It has four terminals and the international one is the biggest in North America.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - The San Francisco International Airport.

The airport metro

Since 2003, the airport has its own free and fully automated metro which has two lines.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - The airport metro. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 76 Kio] San Francisco - The airport metro. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 74 Kio] San Francisco - The airport metro. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 72 Kio] San Francisco - The airport metro.

The BART

The BART is the Bay Area Rapid Transit, a metro system that links San Francisco to Oakland, Berkeley and other cities of the Bay Area.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 101 Kio] San Francisco - The BART. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 77 Kio] San Francisco - The BART. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 94 Kio] San Francisco - The BART. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 88 Kio] San Francisco - The BART.

The tramway

The F line only uses refurbished cars from different cities such as Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Brussels, Zurich or Milan. The Muni Metro consists of 7 lines for light rail vehicles.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 109 Kio] San Francisco - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] San Francisco - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 110 Kio] San Francisco - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 124 Kio] San Francisco - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 94 Kio] San Francisco - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 122 Kio] San Francisco - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 94 Kio] San Francisco - Old tramway garage. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 96 Kio] San Francisco - Interior of a tramway.

The cable cars

Created in 1873, the three remaining lines are the oldest cable-car system still used daily, mainly by tourists.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 108 Kio] San Francisco - Cable car. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 112 Kio] San Francisco - Cable car. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 132 Kio] San Francisco - Cable car. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 94 Kio] San Francisco - Cable car.

The trolley

San Francisco is one of the five American cities using trolleybuses. They have been used since 1935 and count 17 lines in 2013.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 122 Kio] San Francisco - Trolley.

The Caltrain

This heavy rail train link many cities of the Bay Area, notably Palo Alto and San José. Trains need one hour and half to reach San José from San Francisco, and express train one hour only. The trains use diesel-electric locomotives, and it is planned to convert them to fully electric locomotives.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - The Caltrain. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 75 Kio] San Francisco - Caltrain trains. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] San Francisco - Caltrain trains. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 77 Kio] San Francisco - The Caltrain. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] San Francisco - The Caltrain. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 81 Kio] Palo Alto - The Caltrain. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 69 Kio] San Francisco - The Caltrain. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 84 Kio] San Francisco - The Caltrain: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 95 Kio] San Francisco - The Caltrain: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 90 Kio] San Francisco - The Caltrain: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 68 Kio] San Francisco - The Caltrain: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 85 Kio] San Francisco - The Caltrain: the inside.

The Bay

The total area of San Francisco Bay is more than 4000 km². It is an important habitat to several species of birds, fishes and shrimps. It is however polluted by numerous industrial activities. It is also the center of a 7-million-inhabitants agglomeration and serves as an access to the port of Oakland, fifth busiest container port in the United States in 2011. Eight major bridges cross it.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 55 Kio] San Francisco - The Bay: the trimaran Oracle. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 58 Kio] San Francisco - The Bay: the container ship APL China. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 48 Kio] San Francisco - The Bay: boat.

As for San Francisco shore, the Ferry building was constructed in 1896.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 74 Kio] San Francisco - The ferry building. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 33 Kio] San Francisco - The ferry building and the Bay bridge. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 58 Kio] San Francisco - The Bay bridge.

Alcatraz

This island is located 2.4 km offshore in the bay of San Francisco. It hosts a lighthouse, military fortifications and a prison. The latter served as a military prison in 1868 and as a federal prison from 1933 to 1963. It is now a historic place to visit. The gangster Al Capone is the most famous men that was imprisoned there.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 48 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 96 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 66 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 65 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 63 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 52 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 75 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 76 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 56 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: the island in the fog. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 70 Kio] San Francisco - Alcatraz: the island in the fog.

The Golden Gate Bridge

"Golden Gate" is the name of the opening of the San Francisco Bay into the Pacific Ocean. The bridge that spans it was opened in 1937 and is one of the most world famous icons of San Francisco. Its main span is 1280 m long and its total length is 2737 m. Its highest point is 230 m above sea level. It is made of steel with about 1.2 million rivets.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 47 Kio] San Francisco - The Golden Gate Bridge: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 39 Kio] San Francisco - The Golden Gate Bridge: the South part. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 52 Kio] San Francisco - The Golden Gate Bridge: the North part. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 47 Kio] San Francisco - The Golden Gate Bridge: the South part. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 51 Kio] San Francisco - The Golden Gate Bridge: the North part. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 48 Kio] San Francisco - The Golden Gate Bridge: bicycles and pedestrians. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 54 Kio] San Francisco - The Golden Gate Bridge in the fog. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 49 Kio] San Francisco - The Golden Gate Bridge and the container ship APL China.

The port

San Francisco has a modern industrial port with cargo terminals. There are also smaller leisure ports, some with fishing activities.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 73 Kio] San Francisco - The port: boats. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 97 Kio] San Francisco - The port: fishing boats. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 92 Kio] San Francisco - The port: fishing boats. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 60 Kio] San Francisco - The port: the Jeremiah O'Brien. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 35 Kio] San Francisco - The port: the Jeremiah O'Brien. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 64 Kio] San Francisco - The port: the submarine USS Pampanito.

Pier 39 and Fisherman's Wharf

Fisherman's Wharf is famous for its Dungeness crab, a species that lives on the West coast and is consumed here. The clam chowder is a kind of soup served in a sourdough bread bowl.

Pier 39 is a famous tourist attraction, with an aquarium and several shops and restaurants, opened in 1978. A colony of California sea lions lives on the marina. The sea lions from the bay arrived at this location in 1989 and some docks had to be abandoned and relocated to avoid boat collisions with the animals.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 94 Kio] San Francisco - Pier 39: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 90 Kio] San Francisco - Pier 39: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 92 Kio] San Francisco - Pier 39: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 81 Kio] San Francisco - Pier 39: sea lions. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 106 Kio] San Francisco - Pier 39: sea lions. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 81 Kio] San Francisco - Fisherman's Wharf: man cooking crabs.

The maritime museum

This museum, located near Fisherman's wharf, displays a few magnificent boats. Among them, the cargo ship Star of Alaska aka Balclutha was built in Scotland in 1886 and sailed five times between Europe and San Francisco and then yearly journeys to Alaska from 1903 to 1930. The steam tug Hercules, built in 1907, traveled from Alaska to Panama until 1923 and then worked on the Bay until 1962.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 56 Kio] San Francisco - The maritime museum: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 47 Kio] San Francisco - The maritime museum: the Balclutha. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 97 Kio] San Francisco - The maritime museum: the Balclutha. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 95 Kio] San Francisco - The maritime museum: boat under reconstruction. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 69 Kio] San Francisco - The maritime museum: boat. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 76 Kio] San Francisco - The maritime museum: the tug boat Hercules. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] San Francisco - The maritime museum: boat. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 81 Kio] San Francisco - The maritime museum: boat.

The churches

Saint Mary's cathedral

The cathedral of Saint Mary of the Assumption was completed in 1970 and replaces the previous cathedral which burned in 1962. It has a modern style, very different than the usual shapes of churches. Its geometry is composed of hyperbolic paraboloids that join to form a cross-shaped vault that contains a stained glass window of the same shape. The interior of the vault, supported by four pylons, is covered with 1600 triangular coffers. The dimensions of the inside are approximately 78 × 78 m for a height of about 60 m crowned with a 17-meter golden cross.

The building has four windows opened to the city at the four corners; it can contain 2400 people. It was visited by Pope John Paul II in 1987.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 110 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 62 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 65 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the nave. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 84 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the baldachin. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 59 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 70 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the nave. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 77 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the pipe organ. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 80 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 82 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the tabernacle. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 102 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the tabernacle. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 90 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the baptismal font. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 100 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: the vault. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 102 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 82 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: stained glass window.

The cathedral contains six shrines consisting in low-relief bronzes made in Italy representing Wedding Feast of Cana, the Flight into Egypt, the Visitation, the Crucifixion, the Pentecost and the Assumption. The pipe organ has 4842 pipes and was made in Italy. The tabernacle is covered with a tapestry representing the Host surrounded by flames. The altar weights 10 tons. Above it is a 15-story baldacchin made of aluminum rods which weights 1 ton.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 80 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: low relief of the Wedding Feast of Cana. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: low relief of the Flight into Egypt. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 85 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: low relief of the Visitation. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 76 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: low relief of the Crucifixion. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 73 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: low relief of the Pentecost. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of the Assumption's cathedral: low relief of the Assumption.

Mission Dolores

This mission, also called Mission San Francisco de Assisi, was founded by the Father Junipero Serra and consecrated in October 1776.

The mission itself is the oldest building in San Francisco. It was finished in 1791 and survived the 1906 earthquake. Its sequoia beams are still the original ones.

Holy Virgin cathedral

This church is the cathedral of the Russian Orthodox community. It was built from 1961 to 1965 and consecrated in 1977. Its five domes are covered with pure gold. Its interior contains a wall of icons.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 72 Kio] San Francisco - The orthodox cathedral of the Holy Virgin: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 73 Kio] San Francisco - The orthodox cathedral of the Holy Virgin: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 49 Kio] San Francisco - The orthodox cathedral of the Holy Virgin: the cupolas. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 61 Kio] San Francisco - The orthodox cathedral of the Holy Virgin: the cupolas. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 83 Kio] San Francisco - The orthodox cathedral of the Holy Virgin: mosaics of saints. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 91 Kio] San Francisco - The orthodox cathedral of the Holy Virgin: mosaics of saints. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] San Francisco - The orthodox cathedral of the Holy Virgin: mosaics of Virgin Mary.

Grace cathedral

This church is the cathedral of Episcopal Diocese of California. It contains a 44-bell carillon, three pipe organs and 677 m² of stained glass windows. The building, made in French Gothic style, was built from 1928 to 1964.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 80 Kio] San Francisco - Grace cathedral: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - Grace cathedral: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 85 Kio] San Francisco - Grace cathedral: fountain. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 73 Kio] San Francisco - Grace cathedral: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 75 Kio] San Francisco - Grace cathedral: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 46 Kio] San Francisco - Grace cathedral: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 65 Kio] San Francisco - Grace cathedral: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 72 Kio] San Francisco - Grace cathedral: fresco.

Notre-Dame-des-Victoires church

This church has some architectural similarities with the basilica Notre-Dame-de-Fourvière in Lyon. It was built in 1858 for the French immigrants. It contains beautiful stained glass windows.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 93 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 128 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: detail. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 90 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: the nave. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 90 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: the nave. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 95 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 87 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: the entrance and the pipe organ. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 83 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: the altar of the Virgin. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 53 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: stained glass windows. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 47 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: stained glass window representing the Annunciation. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 78 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: stained glass window representing Jesus. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 68 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: stained glass windows. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 67 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: stained glass window representing Our Lady of Lourdes. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 94 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: stained glass window representing the Nativity. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 73 Kio] San Francisco - Notre-Dame-des-Victoires' church: stained glass window.

Our Lady of Fatima church

This Russian Byzantine Catholic church is located just near the Russian Orthodox Holy Virgin Cathedral.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 76 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of Fatima's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of Fatima's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 55 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of Fatima's church: front view: detail. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 88 Kio] San Francisco - Our Lady of Fatima's church: the gate: detail.

Sacred Heart church

This church was once one of the most important of San Francisco. Its construction began in 1897 and lasted 12 years. It survived the 1906 and 1989 earthquakes. It closed in 2004 because of a repair bill of 8 million dollars and serves, in 2014, as a roller-skating place.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 93 Kio] San Francisco - Sacred Heart's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 98 Kio] San Francisco - Sacred Heart's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 109 Kio] San Francisco - Sacred Heart's church: front view: detail.

Saint Boniface church

This church was built in the Tenderloin quarter in 1900 and reconstructed after the 1906 earthquake. The parish has been place under the responsibility of the Franciscans since 1887. One of the stained glass window represent the vision of Saint Francis of Assisi: Jesus-Christ crucified wearing three pairs of wings, like an angel.

It is home to hundreds of homeless people who can sleep and wash there.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 81 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Boniface's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 75 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Boniface's church: the entrance. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Boniface's church: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 110 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Boniface's church: the nave and the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 110 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Boniface's church: the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 104 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Boniface's church: the pipe organ. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 109 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Boniface's church: the nave.

Saint Charles-Borromeo church

This small church with nice wooden furniture was built in 1887.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 82 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 65 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 82 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: lateral access. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 74 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: chapel. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 70 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: the nave. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 77 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 77 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 82 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: the entrance and the pipe organ. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: chapel of Our Lady of Guadalupe. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 66 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: the nave and the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 64 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 64 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: statues. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 87 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: statue of Our Lady of Lourdes. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 61 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: statue of Virgin Mary. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 112 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: stained glass window representing Our Lady of Fatima. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: stained glass window representing the Cene. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 101 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: stained glass window representing the childhood of Jesus. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 101 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: stained glass window representing the childhood of Jesus. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 70 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Charles-Borromee's church: stained glass window representing the Crucifixion.

Saint Dominic church

The parish was established in 1873 and the church built between 1887 and 1928. It is of Gothic style. Its nine flying buttresses were built in 1992 and serve as protection against earthquakes.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 95 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 90 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 106 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: the main gate. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 85 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: front view: detail. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 87 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: the nave. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 90 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: the entrance. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 77 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: crucifix above the choir. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 95 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: pieta. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 104 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: statue of Saint Dominic and Virgin Mary. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 68 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: altar. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 84 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: low relief sculpture. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: low relief sculpture. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: the inside.

Its stained glass windows are modern and figurative.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 73 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass window representing the Crucifixion. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 75 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 70 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 84 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 76 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 112 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 106 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 119 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass window. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 99 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Dominic's church: stained glass windows.

Saint Francis of Assisi church

This church is the Pro-Cathedral of the Archdiocese of San Francisco. It was established in June 1849, during the Gold Rush, as the first English-speaking church of the place (the ministry and preaching were in Spanish in Mission Dolores). The church burnt during the 1906 earthquake, but its brick walls remained intact. The National Conference of Catholic Bishops gave it the title of National Shrine in September 1999.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 108 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Francis of Assisi's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 63 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Francis of Assisi's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 70 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Francis of Assisi's church: front view: detail.

Saint Francis-Xavier church

This church is part of Saint-Benedict's parish for the deaf, which was established in 1984 in San Francisco, nearly 100 years after Saint-Joseph's home was established in Oakland for the deaf. The church itself was built in 1913 and was taken care of by the Jesuits. It was the church for the Japanese Catholics until those they were relocated to a camp in Utah in 1942.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 80 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Francis-Xavier's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 67 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Francis-Xavier's church: statue of Our Lady of the Morning Star.

Old Saint Mary's cathedral

This church, located in Chinatown, is the former cathedral of San Francisco and was built in 1854. It served as a cathedral until 1891. It was severely damaged by the 1906 earthquake and was restored in 1909.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 68 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Mary's church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 93 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Mary's church: front view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 72 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Mary's church: the tower: detail. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 117 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Mary's church: the door. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 136 Kio] San Francisco - Saint Mary's church: statue of Virgin Mary.

Santa Monica church

This church is part of an elementary school, founded in 1919 by the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 77 Kio] San Francisco - Santa Monica's church: general view.

Saint Patrick church

The parish was founded in 1851. The construction of the first church began in 1851 and ended in 1854. The current brick church, located on Mission Street in the Financial district, was built between 1870 and 1872 and survived the 1906 earthquake.

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Saint Peter and Saint Paul church

This church is located in the Italian quarter and was the church for the Italian immigrants. Nowadays, it serves for the Chinese-American Catholics.

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Saint Vincent-de-Paul church

The interior of this church, built in 1911, is very simple. This church has beautiful stained glass windows.

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Other churches

This church seems abandoned.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 83 Kio] San Francisco - Unknown church. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 76 Kio] San Francisco - Unknown church.

Other places

The city hall

The city hall of San Francisco was rebuilt in 1915, after the 1906 earthquake. It has the fifth largest dome in the world, slightly taller than that of the United States Capitol.

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Near the city hall stands a monument to James Lick, who the wealthiest man in California at his death in 1876 and donated its fortune to science and charities. The monument refers to events of American history.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 85 Kio] San Francisco - The memorial. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 81 Kio] San Francisco - The memorial.

Chinatown

San Francisco Chinatown is the oldest Chinatown in North America and the largest Chinese community outside Asia. It counts a large number of shops as well as temples and traditional Chinese architecture.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 126 Kio] San Francisco - Chinatown: the gate. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 96 Kio] San Francisco - Chinatown: street. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 96 Kio] San Francisco - Chinatown: street. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 112 Kio] San Francisco - Chinatown: street. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 108 Kio] San Francisco - Chinatown: building. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 93 Kio] San Francisco - Chinatown: street. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 105 Kio] San Francisco - Chinatown: shop.

The Financial District

The financial district is a quarter with several companies headquarters and about 2.8 million square meters of office space. About 220 000 people work in offices there.

The Transamerica Pyramid has been the tallest building in San Francisco since 1972.

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The Coit Tower

Lillie Hitchcock Coit was a firefighter. When she died in 1929, she left one-third of her estate to the City of San Francisco to beautify it. This tower was built in 1931 with that money. It contains frescoes representing the history and people of San Francisco.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 70 Kio] San Francisco - The Coit Tower: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 82 Kio] San Francisco - The Coit Tower: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] San Francisco - The Coit Tower: fresco. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] San Francisco - The Coit Tower: fresco.

The blue house

In 1971, the French singe Maxime Le Forestier lived in this house located 3841, 18th Street and wrote a famous song entitled San Francisco. The house was then forgotten and painted in green. In 2011, it was painted again in blue and a plate was placed.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 93 Kio] San Francisco - The blue house. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San Francisco - The blue house.

The Bay area

Berkeley

The University of California

The University of California at Berkeley was established in 1868. It is one of the most prestigious universities in the world. It occupies about 500 ha and teaches to about 36 000 students in 2013. One of its symbols is the Sather Tower.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 113 Kio] Berkeley - The University of California: the campus. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 68 Kio] Berkeley - The University of California: the campus. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 53 Kio] Berkeley - The University of California: the Sather Tower.

Oakland

Christ the Light's cathedral

This cathedral, of modern style, was built between 2005 and 2008 after the former Cathedral of Saint Francis de Sales had been damaged by an earthquake in 1989. It is designed like a bishop's mitre and a giant bright image of Jesus Christ is placed above the choir.

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The crypt hosts the ashed of incinerated people.

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Preservation Park

Preservation Park is a set of 19-century houses of Victorian and Colonial Revival styles dating from 1870 to 1911.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 84 Kio] Oakland - Preservation Park: Lakham -Ducell Fountain and White House. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 119 Kio] Oakland - Preservation Park: Remillard House. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 138 Kio] Oakland - Preservation Park: Bauske House and Standeford House. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 141 Kio] Oakland - Preservation Park: Robinson House.

Palo Alto

Stanford University

This university is one of the most famous in the world. It was founded in 1885 by Leland Stanford, a rich businessman who owned a railroad company.

[email protected] is among the global projects initiated by the University.

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Memorial church was built by Jane Stanford in 1903 in memory of her husband. Its pipe organ has 7777 pipes!

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The construction of the Cantor Museum was finished by Jane Stanford. Among all the collections, the bronzes by the French sculptor Auguste Rodin are remarkable.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] Palo Alto - Cantor Museum: front view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 82 Kio] Palo Alto - Cantor Museum: back view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 88 Kio] Palo Alto - Cantor Museum: back view: work by Auguste Rodin. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] Palo Alto - Cantor Museum: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 100 Kio] Palo Alto - Stanford University: work by Auguste Rodin.

The stations

Palo Alto is served by two stations of the Caltrain: California avenue station and Transit center station.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 66 Kio] Palo Alto - The California Avenue station: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 74 Kio] Palo Alto - The Transit Center station: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 65 Kio] Palo Alto - The Transit Center station: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 91 Kio] Palo Alto - The Transit Center station: the inside.

San José

Saint Joseph's cathedral

This is the fifth church built at this place, after the previous ones were destroyed by earthquakes and a fire. It was dedicated in 1877 and finished in 1885. It became a cathedral in 1985 and a basilica in 1997. The seats are organized in a circle around a central altar.

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The State University

The State University was established in 1857. In 2012, it enrolls about 30,000 students and provides the Silicon Valley firms with a lot of engineers and doctors.

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Saint-Patrick's proto-cathedral

This parish was founded in 1872 and now serves the Vietnamese community. The current church was built in 1967 and was the cathedral of the diocese from 1981 to 1990.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 65 Kio] San José - Saint Patrick's proto-cathedral: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] San José - Saint Patrick's proto-cathedral: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 80 Kio] San José - Saint Patrick's proto-cathedral: the entrance. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 99 Kio] San José - Saint Patrick's proto-cathedral: bell. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 99 Kio] San José - Saint Patrick's proto-cathedral: garden and statue of Virgin Mary.

The tramway

The tramway of San José is called "Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) light rail". It is actually a light rail train which opened in 1987. In 2013, it consists of two main lines and 62 stations.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 104 Kio] San José - The VTA tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 131 Kio] San José - The VTA tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 104 Kio] San José - The VTA tramway.

The station

This station was constructed in 1935 and is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It is served by the Caltrain and the VTA light rail.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 63 Kio] San José - The station: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 84 Kio] San José - The station: the outside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 72 Kio] San José - The station: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 71 Kio] San José - The station: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 85 Kio] San José - The station: trains.

Los Angeles

The first settlement in this place counted approximately 40 inhabitants, in 1781. It developped so much in the 19th and 20th centuries that the whole metropolitan area count about 18 million inhabitants in 2013, with the most diverse population of the United States. It is known worldwide for its movie industry, represented by the district of Hollywood. Gangs and pollution remain among the problems of the city.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 66 Kio] Los Angeles - The downtown seen from highway I-10. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 74 Kio] Los Angeles - The downtown seen from highway I-10. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 62 Kio] Los Angeles - The downtown seen from highway I-10. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 87 Kio] Los Angeles - Hollywood hill seen from highway I-10. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 74 Kio] Los Angeles - The downtown. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 69 Kio] Los Angeles - The downtown.

The cathedral

The cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels is a modern church, built in 2002 for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Los Angeles. Its shape avoids right angles. The nave contains tapestries by John Nava. It is built on a mausoleum made of 1270 crypts.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 81 Kio] Los Angeles - The cathedral Our Lady of the Angels: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] Los Angeles - The cathedral Our Lady of the Angels: the nave. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 92 Kio] Los Angeles - The cathedral Our Lady of the Angels: the nave. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] Los Angeles - The cathedral Our Lady of the Angels: tapestries in the nave. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 87 Kio] Los Angeles - The cathedral Our Lady of the Angels: the baptismal font. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 98 Kio] Los Angeles - The cathedral Our Lady of the Angels: retable. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 75 Kio] Los Angeles - The cathedral Our Lady of the Angels: statue of Virgin Mary with Jesus Child. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 76 Kio] Los Angeles - The cathedral Our Lady of the Angels: candlestick shaped like an angel.

Other places

The Pueblo

The pueblo of Los Angeles, founded in 1781, is the location of the first Spanish settlement. Later, the church of Nuestra Señora Reina de Los Angeles was constructed to serve as a parish church. One of the main buildings is the Mexican Cultural Institute.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 85 Kio] Los Angeles - Building of the Pueblo. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 123 Kio] Los Angeles - Kiosque of the Pueblo.

The Union Station is located just near the Pueblo. It was constructed in 1939 and serves about 60,000 passengers a day in 2012.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 105 Kio] Los Angeles - The Union Station.

The church of Nuestra Señora Reina de Los Angeles

This church is located in the Pueblo. Its origins date back to 1784, with the creation of the Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles Asistencia. The construction of the church itself was finished in 1814.

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Near Los Angeles

Santa Monica

The history of the city began in 1769. It is now known for its pier, which has a roller coaster track, and its beaches.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 51 Kio] Santa Monica - The beach. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 57 Kio] Santa Monica - The beach. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 79 Kio] Santa Monica - The beach.

The Venice neighborhood, located between Santa Monica and Los Angeles, is well known for its canals. Between 1925 and the 1970s, the area mostly consisted in oil pumping wells.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 73 Kio] Santa Monica - The Venice quarter. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 62 Kio] Santa Monica - The Venice quarter.

Pasadena

Caltech

The California Institute of Technology is one of the most famous universities in the world. It was founded in 1891. More than 30 Nobel prizes were awarded to its alumni or professors, as well as Crafoord prizes and National medals of science or technology.

Its campus is beautiful, with many trees and flowers. It also counts a NASA laboratory. The tallest building is the Millikan Library.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 122 Kio] Pasadena - The California Institute of Technology. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 99 Kio] Pasadena - The California Institute of Technology. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 145 Kio] Pasadena - The California Institute of Technology. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 85 Kio] Pasadena - The California Institute of Technology: the Millikan Library. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 92 Kio] Pasadena - The California Institute of Technology. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 71 Kio] Pasadena - The California Institute of Technology: the Beckman Auditorium. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 77 Kio] Pasadena - The California Institute of Technology: the Beckman Auditorium.

Santa Barbara

This city, located near Los Angeles was established by the construction of a presidio in 1782 and a mission in 1786. It has nice beaches and face the Channel Islands.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 85 Kio] Santa Barbara - The beach. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 80 Kio] Santa Barbara - The beach. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 103 Kio] Santa Barbara - The beach. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 56 Kio] Santa Barbara - Boats and islands on the Pacific Ocean.

San Diego

San Diego is one of the most important cities in California. It was founded in 1769 as a Spanish city, became American in 1848 and has a population of about 1.3 million inhabitants in 2013.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 54 Kio] San Diego - General view from Coronado. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 97 Kio] San Diego - Trains seen from Coronado Bridge.

The cathedral

This church was built in 1941 on a former brick church which became a cathedral in 1936. It was restored in 2011.

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Other places

The presidio

The presidio was established in 1769 and abandoned in 1835. It was the first European building on the West coast of California. The current building on the site is the Serra museum, built in 1928 which now belongs to the city of San Diego.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 73 Kio] San Diego - The Serra museum. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 61 Kio] San Diego - The Serra museum. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 84 Kio] San Diego - The Serra museum. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 30 Kio] San Diego - The Serra museum.

The maritime museum

This museum was founded in 1948. Its master piece is the iron bark Star of India. It also possesses an American and a Soviet submarine, a ferryboat, a yacht and the frigate HMS Surprise.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 89 Kio] San Diego - The maritime museum: the Star of India. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 103 Kio] San Diego - The maritime museum: the Star of India. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 77 Kio] San Diego - The maritime museum: the B-39 submarine. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 114 Kio] San Diego - The maritime museum: the HMS Surprise. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 103 Kio] San Diego - The maritime museum: the HMS Surprise. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 104 Kio] San Diego - The maritime museum: the USS Dolphin submarine and the Berkeley. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 72 Kio] San Diego - The maritime museum: the American and the Californian.

The port

The port of San Diego provides both cargo and cruise facilities.

The USS Midway is an aircraft carrier that served from 1945 to 1992. It is now transformed into a museum.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 63 Kio] San Diego - The port: the ferry Westerdam. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 71 Kio] San Diego - The port: the aircraft carrier USS Midway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 76 Kio] San Diego - The port: the aircraft carrier USS Midway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 86 Kio] San Diego - The port: boats.

The bay

The bay of San Diego has an important industrial and military activity. The island of Coronado is located in the bay and linked to San Diego by a bridge.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 55 Kio] San Diego - The boat Super Servant 3 carrying a military boat seen from Coronado. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 67 Kio] San Diego - Boats and bridge seen from Coronado. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 61 Kio] San Diego - Military boat and bridge seen from Coronado. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 64 Kio] San Diego - Boats and bridge seen from Coronado. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 69 Kio] San Diego - Port seen from the Coronado Bridge.

The Old Town

The Old Town of San Diego is a set of houses, museums, shops and restaurants located around a central plaza.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 69 Kio] San Diego - The old town: charriot. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 62 Kio] San Diego - The old town: the Colorado house.

The Immaculate Conception church

This small church is located in the Old Town.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 84 Kio] San Diego - The Immaculate Conception church: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 84 Kio] San Diego - The Immaculate Conception church: front view.

The transports

The station

The Union Station, or Santa Fe Depot, opened in 1915. Built in the Mission Revival style, it replaces the former station built in 1887.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 107 Kio] San Diego - The station: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 100 Kio] San Diego - The station: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 74 Kio] San Diego - The station: the outside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 83 Kio] San Diego - The station: the inside. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 107 Kio] San Diego - The station: trains. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 124 Kio] San Diego - The station: trains. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 91 Kio] San Diego - The station: trains.

The tramway

The tramway of San Diego (called trolley locally), opened in 1981. In 2013, it has 4 lines

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 108 Kio] San Diego - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 100 Kio] San Diego - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 111 Kio] San Diego - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 105 Kio] San Diego - The tramway. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 105 Kio] San Diego - The tramway.

Other places

Lake Cuyamaca

Lake Cuyamaca is located near Cuyamaca Peak (1985 m), in Southern California. The villages there were founded by mining companies, in the late 19th century.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 53 Kio] California - Lake Cuyamaca. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 44 Kio] California - Lake Cuyamaca.

Imperial Sand Dunes

The Algodones Dunes, in the Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area, are a set of yellow sand dunes. This site, which is about 72 × 10 km, is located West of the Chocolate Mountains, near Arizona.

Some famous movies have been filmed there, such as Star Gate and some scenes of Tatooine of Star Wars.

[Cliquez pour agrandir : 34 Kio] California - Imperial Sand Dunes: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 31 Kio] California - Imperial Sand Dunes: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 28 Kio] California - Imperial Sand Dunes: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 41 Kio] California - Imperial Sand Dunes: general view. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 37 Kio] California - Imperial Sand Dunes: road and mountains. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 26 Kio] California - Imperial Sand Dunes: mountains. [Cliquez pour agrandir : 17 Kio] California - Imperial Sand Dunes: quad.


Cette page en anglais a été créée par Peter à partir de notes de voyage, le 10 mars 2013 et modifiée pour la dernière fois le 24 août 2016. Son avancement est noté 3/3.